- Behavioral Issues and the Use of Social Stories
- How to “Lose the Training Wheels:” A New Way to Teach Bicycle Riding
- Living in Fear: Anxiety in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Local Community Resources to Enhance Activities
- Making (and Keeping) Friends: A Model for Social Skills Instruction
- Making Camps Accessible for All
- Play in the Lives of Young Children with Autism
- Play Time: An Examination Of Play Intervention Strategies for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Social Activity Groups: Another Approach for Helping to Bridge the Friendship Gap
- Teaching Social Skills through Theatre
- The Collective Outcomes of School-Based Social Skill Interventions for Children on the Autism Spectrum
- The Value of Movement Activities for Young Children
- We All Need Exercise
- Finding a Friend in School
- Bullying and Students on the Autism Spectrum
- Incorporating Typical Peers Into the Social Learning of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Local Community Resources to Enhance Activities
Contributed by Kim Davis
Communities offer an array of opportunities for all of us to become involved in recreational activities and to develop relationships with others. Families of people with disabilities may need to fully investigate as many options as possible for recreational outlets. The first step is to identify the interests of the person you are supporting. From there, begin to explore the community for various organizations or associations which match that interest and begin to attend their meetings. Some of these resources may not be typically associated with people with disabilities.
The following lists will hopefully trigger creative thinking regarding ways in which to access and utilize community resources. The lists are by no means complete, but present some ideas about where to go to connect with your community regarding the varied interests of the individuals you are supporting.
|Business:||Chamber of Commerce, Neighborhood business associations, Trade groups|
|Charitable:||Red Cross, Cancer Society, United Way, Big Brothers, Big Sisters|
|Church:||Prayer groups, Acolytes, Youth groups, Bible study, Choirs|
|Collectors:||Stamp collectors, Coin collectors, Flower dryers, Antique collectors|
|Community:||"Friends of the Library," Volunteers at hospitals and nursing homes|
|Elderly:||Senior Citizens, Golden Diners Club|
|Ethnic:||Sons of Norway, Black Heritage Club, Hiberians|
|Interests:||Antique cars owners, Dog clubs, Ceramics classes|
|Neighborhood:||Crime watch, Beautification, Christmas decorations|
|Outdoors:||Garden clubs, Audubon Society, Conservation clubs, Sierra Club|
|Political:||Democrats, Republicans, Green party|
|Recreation:||Parks and Recreation, Young Mens' Christian Association (YMCA), Boys Clubs, Girls Clubs|
|School:||Printing club, Parent/ Teacher Association, Child care|
|Self-help:||Alcoholics Anonymous, Epilepsy Self Help, Single Parents|
|Service:||Kiwanis, Rotary, Lions, American Association of University Women|
|Social Cause:||Civil rights, Environmental, Peace|
|Sports:||Bowling, Swimming, Baseball, Volleyball|
|Study:||Literary clubs, Bible Study groups|
|Veterans:||American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW)|
|Youth:||4H, Future Farmers, Future Homemakers, Boy Scouts, YMCA, Girl Scouts|
For school-age children, some of these organizations and activities may be very appropriate. However, these organizations are not the only source for fulfilling recreational needs. School can also provide students with a variety of options for leisure and recreational activities. During the case conference process, family members and professionals can identify potential leisure opportunities and pinpoint skills which need to be taught to facilitate involvement in an array of community and school activities.
Prior to the case conference meeting, it may be helpful to provide family members with a list of leisure activities which are available in their school and local community. The Elementary Activities List on the last page was developed for elementary students (Wilcox & Bellamy, 1987). This list offers a variety of ideas, but is by no means meant to be the final list of available choices. It can be used as a starting point to begin thinking of all the options that are available. Remember that the list will vary depending on where the student lives. For example, opportunities available in a rural setting will differ from those available in a large city. The goal of providing this list to family members is to acknowledge family and individual preferences, and to begin to prepare students for involvement as adults in their home community. Parents should be encouraged to come to the annual case conference with potential options highlighted.
Finally, additional information regarding transportation, funding, ways to advocate for your family member, and available systems of support can be obtained from the following groups:
- American Red Cross
- ARC of Indiana
- Child Guidance Clinics
- Community Mental Health Centers/Clinics
- Department of Public Welfare (Medicaid benefits)
- Family Service Agencies
- Indiana Vocational Rehabilitation
- Indiana Protection and Advocacy for Developmental Disabilities
- Local Parent Support or Resource Groups
- Social Security Administration (SSI Benefits)
Be creative and inquisitive within your community. There are many avenues which can be explored. Ask for help from those you know or from those you contact. In most instances, people are willing to share information and problem solve. The community is there for all to use and enjoy.
Elementary Activities List Leisure/Recreation Domain
|Adapted from: |
Wilcox, B., & Bellamy, G.T. (1987). The activities catalog: An alternative curriculum for youth and adults with severe disabilities. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.
Davis, K. (1997). Local community resources to enhance activities. The Reporter, 3(1), 5-6.