Describes how special education services are provided.Service Models
- Push-in: Special educator or therapist provide services through integrated therapy services within the daily schedule.
- Consultative: Service delivery provided by general educator with periodic consultation from special educator and/or therapist.
A range of activities and environments that eliminate the physical, social and instructional barriers to learning (DEC, NAEYC 2009).Universal Design for Learning
- Flexible instructional approaches that guide developing instructional goals, methods, materials, and assessment for all learners provide multiple ways to engage children, present information and determine learning (CAST 2011).
- Any piece of equipment, or product system, acquired commercially, modified, or customized, used to maintain, increase, or improve functional capabilities of persons with disabilities, except medical devices surgically implanted. (IDEA 2004).
- Classroom teachers use a variety of low technology that supports the participation of all students and other for individual students, e.g. posted visual of steps to tasks, will try some new flexible seating, noise-blocking headphones, adapted eating utensils and slanted trays for table activities. High technology devices Anderson teachers find successful to build independence and social skills are: audio books, and the Big Mac.
- Planned interventions/modifications to ongoing classroom activity or materials to maximize children's participation.
Intentional multi-tiered instructional strategies that increase a child's engagement, participation and learning (DEC, NAEYC 2009).Embedded Instruction
- Strategies that address individual learning goals within the context of ongoing routines, activities and transitions.
*Tiered Levels of Instruction
- Used with children who require more intensive supports by providing targeted approaches to move children progressively toward skill development, e.g. modeling, response prompting, corrective feedback, peer supports.
- An approach to provide adult instructional supports that requires screening and ongoing assessment to determine impact of teaching/learning and adjustment of instruction.
- Classroom teachers try numerous methods of capturing their daily observation of children's progress, e.g. small mixed ability groups and writing weekly narrative note.
- The intentional social supports/teaching that creates a classroom community of belonging for each child and facilitates positive relationships of respect, acceptance and friendship.
Strategies in place that including professional development, opportunities for collaboration and communication among families and practitioners to support high quality inclusion (DEC, NAYEC 2009).*Professional Development
- Teaching and learning activities that support inclusion and facilitate acquisition and application of professional knowledge, skills, and dispositions (NPDCI, 2011).
- Ongoing System of professional development includes weekly center staff meetings, may have a reading to discuss; topics: behavior, self-regulation strategies, individual needs (e.g. not potty training), family interaction around disability issues and impact on development/communication, etc., guest speakers, e.g. school psychologist on assessment, another on poverty; Annual Retreat for all pre-k teachers.
- Opportunities for relationship building between families and practitioners support the achievement of mutually agreed upon goals (NPDCI, 2011).