Suspension and Expulsion
Kirsten Bonifacio, the ECC graduate assistant, has been investigating kindergarten suspension and grade retention for the last year. The first phase of this research was focused on long-term academic outcomes for students who experience a discontinuity in their kindergarten year. A discontinuity includes suspension, expulsion, or grade retention. This research found that indeed students who experienced discontinuity in kindergarten were less likely to pass third grade state standardized testing across reading, mathematics, and English language arts. Additionally, certain groups of children experienced discontinuity at higher rates including students of color, those from low-income families, students with disabilities, and boys.
These findings lead to a second phase of this research line. We are interested in examining how kindergarten entry skills (English language arts, mathematics, and social) are related to suspension and grade retention in the kindergarten year. This research is currently ongoing and preliminary results will be shared at the Division for Early Childhood Conference in Orlando, Florida in October 2018.Back to Top Back to Top